What Are The Different Types Of Electric Bikes?

Electric bikes are a green, cost-effective, effective, and enjoyable mode of transportation. When choosing an e-bike, there are various factors to consider. This guide provides an overview of the different types of electric bikes.

Electric bicycles, or e-bikes, have integrated electric motors and batteries for propulsion. Most e-bikes have a top speed of 20 miles per hour and a range of 20-35 miles per charge on average.

Types of E-Bikes

Electric Mountain Bike. Electric Mountain Bikes are designed for rugged trails and tough terrain. They have powerful motors for climbing steep hills and robust suspension for handling bumps, roots, rocks, and potholes. Choose from a variety of hardtail and full suspension models. Benefit from the motor's assistance on uphill terrain, maximizing your time for downhill thrills. Getting used to the motor's extra weight may take some time. Remember, the motors are not waterproof, so stream crossings are not recommended for electric mountain bikes.


Electric Road Bikes. Electric Road Bikes prioritize speed and efficiency on paved surfaces. They feature lightweight frames and sleek designs. Most models are class 1 with a 250w motor and a top speed of 20mph. They frequently have integrated batteries and compact motors, making them indistinguishable from non-powered bikes. Electric road bikes excel at extended rides and navigating hilly terrain.


Electric Fat Tire Bike. These Electric Fat Tire Bikes are engineered for stability on loose or soft surfaces like sand or snow. The tires also minimize bumps and vibrations for a smoother, more comfortable ride. Fat bike tires typically have widths ranging from 3.7″ to 5.2″. The wide tires lead to higher rolling resistance and aerodynamic drag, necessitating the use of larger motors and batteries to compensate for their inefficiency.

Electric Folding Bikes. The rising popularity of Electric Folding Bikes is evident among urban commuters and individuals with limited storage space. These bikes can be conveniently folded down for effortless transportation and storage. Several cities permit the use of folding bicycles on public transportation networks, facilitating multi-modal transportation. Electric folding bikes are perfect for people living in small apartments.

Electric Cargo Bikes. Designed for heavy loads, Electric Cargo Bikes have a reinforced frame and extended rear racks. These e-bikes are perfect for transporting goods, groceries, or even kids and pets around town. Electric cargo bikes are equipped with powerful motors that greatly facilitate carrying heavy loads.

Electric Gravel Bikes. Electric Gravel Bikes are versatile machines that bridge the gap between road and mountain bikes. They can handle dirt and gravel roads as well as tarmac. They aren’t quite as capable off-road as mountain bikes. Their design ensures comfort on long rides while handling off-road paths with ease. Most electric gravel bikes feature powerful and efficient mid-drive motors cadence sensor pedal assist.

Pedal Assist Or Throttle Controlled Electric Bikes

Pedal-Assist offers propulsion solely when pedaling. Power disengages upon cessation of pedaling. Utilize this mechanism to pedal in the usual manner while the motor transfers power to the rear wheel, facilitating easier pedaling. Pedal-assist enables you to effortlessly ride on steep hills and in high gears. This is the most common choice.

Throttle Controlled e-bikes function similarly to motorcycles or scooters. Activating the throttle propels the bike forward using the motor, eliminating the need for pedaling. The throttle regulates the motor power sent to the rear wheel, allowing you to control the amount. Numerous e-bikes incorporate both a throttle feature and pedal assist. There are a few different styles of bike throttles.

  • Twist Throttle. To increase the motor power, simply twist a section of the grip towards you, similar to a motorcycle or scooter throttle. To decrease the power, twist it back.
  • Thumb Throttle. This is a compact lever positioned by the handlebar grip that you depress with your thumb. The more you depress it, the greater the motor power.
  • Push Button Throttle. This is a simple on/off switch. When you push the button, the electric motor gives a constant amount of power. When you let go, the power cuts off. You can’t control the amount of motor power with this type of throttle.